View Full Version : ABHIVADAYE

17-04-2015, 07:52 AM
Now a days even a three year old kids are tutored to tell dad, mom,
address and school name and the parent feel proud. In earlier days
specially amongst brahmans there wa saying that kamam
puguvadurku munnal kalviyai puguttu (   

  ). So they use to do sacred thread
ceremony. Parents and guru whisper in the ears of the boy Gayatri
mantra. After getting gayatri mantra the boy is supposed to do
abhivadaye to elders for eeking the blessiongs of elders. Abhivadaye
is nothing but an introduction of self with lineage. But the present
trend, leave aside abhivadaye, they even shorten the name from
subramanaiam to mann or raman to ram . How many of us know the
lineage? Even if they know lineage ,they ae ashamed of telling with a
fear his friends will think of him as outdated and karnatakam
() I have seen the vadhiyar conveniently say amukha
gotra sarva rishi during pitru karma.
It gives the introduction of the boy. After reciting the Abhivadaye
Mantra, he prostrates before the elders and seeks their blessings.
After the function the elders bless the boy. "May this boy be like
in knowledge, Panini in grammar, Adi Shankara in vedanta, Janaka in
Philosophy, Prahalatha in devotion,
Harichandra in adhering to the truth, Bhishma in Brahmacharya and
lead a long life like Markendeya
"Abhivaadaye" - meaning & procedure
When we say "Abhivaadaye", it is a sort of self introduction. One
should touch both ears while doing this and touch the left foot by the
right hand and the right foot by the left hand of an elder, parents or
guru after mentioning the following.
(1)Pravaram (2) Gotram (3) The name of the Sutra Kaara or the
authour whose rules one follows (4) The branch of the Veda one is
learning (5) One's name (6) Addressing the other person.
I am giving a typical "Abhivaadaye".
"Abhivaadaye, Vaishwamaitra, Aghamarshana, Kaushika,
Thrayaarisheya, Kaushika Gotrah, Apasthambha Sutrah,
Yajussaakhaadhyaayee, Ramakrishna Sarmaa Naamaaham Asmi
Meaning - I am saluting, having three paravara rishis Vishamitra,
Aghamarshana and Kaushika, of Kaushika Gotra, following the rules
or mannual of Apasthambha, learning the branch of Veda called
Yajus. I am Ramakrishna Sarma by name. Your Honour.
The person addressed should do the Pratyabhivaadanam saying
Aayushmaan Bhava Soumya Or Dirghaayushman Bhava keeping his
hand in the blessing position. It is mentioned in the Smriti that one
should not do Abhivaadanam to a person who does not know how to
do the Pratyabhivaadanam.
Pravara - Imagine a big tree with several branches. Each branch may
have two or more sub branches. These sub branches together are
called pravaraas. The numberof pravara rishis vary from two to five.
The person belonging to the same sub branch is called sa-gotra.
Persons of two separate gotras mentioned in the pravara group are
called samana-pravaras. According to ancient rules, one
should not marry a girl belonging to the same gotra or same pravara.
samaanagotraam samaanapravaraam na udvahet.
In the above example, a boy of Kousika Gotram should not marry a
girl of Kousika Gotram or Viswamitra Gotram or Aghamarshana
Gotram. Nowadays the pravara rule is not adhered to. However,
other divisions like sects and subsects (Vadama, Brahacharanam
etc.) came about due to difference in customs and manners.
The entire Veda is divided into saakhas or branches. These are
riksaakha, yajussaakha, (further divided into krishna and sukla
which is not indicated in the Abhivadaye), saamasaakha and
atharvasaakha. A student would be learning one of these saakhaas.
For each Veda Saakha there are mannuals or rules for performing the
rituals.These are called Shroutha Sutras. There are several such
Sutras each authoured by a particular rishi. When one says
Apastambha Sutra, it means that he is following the mannual
authoured by Apasthambha.
There are 14 Sroutha Sutras meant for the performance of rituals
mentioned in the Vedas. These are -
Rik - Saankalaayana and Aaswalaayana Krishna Yajus
Aapasthambha, Hiranyakesi, Bodhaayana, Bhaaradwaaja, Maanava,
Vaikhaanasa. Sukla Yajus- Kaathyaayana Saama - Masaka or
Aarsheya, Laatyaayana, Draahyaayana Atharva Vaithaana,
There are various other classes of Sutras which have nothing to do
with Abhivadaye, such as Grihya Sutras, Dharma Sutras, Sulba Stras,
Vyakarana Sutras, Brahma Sutras and so on.
But what is a Sutra?
A Sutra is a concise statement which could be easily memorised.
Its defenition is:
alpaaksharam asandigdham saaravat vishvathomukham /
asthobham anavadyam cha suthram suthravido viduh //
"People learned in sutra literature say that a sutra should be concise
and unambiguous, give the essence of the arguments on a topic but
at the same time deal with all aspects of the question, be free from
repetition and faultless."
The desire for brevity has made the sutras, particularly in Vedanta,
unintelligible leading to divergent intrepretations.
I shall end this dry subject in a humorous note.
Dealing with nityakarma or day to day practice to be observed by a
Brahmana, there is a Sutra "shvaanam sprishtvaa snaanam
aachareth", meaning "take bath after touching the dog".
There was a Brahmin who was very meticulous in obeying the Sutras.
Every morning he would be searching for a dog to touch before
taking his bath. Obviously, the correct meaning is that if you happen
to touch a dog, you should take a bath.
concepts of customary law. They are known as the "angas" or limbs
of the four Vedas, but are considered smriti.
There are three known groups of text called sutras: Shrautasutras,
Grihyasutras and Dharmasutras, together known as the Kalpa
Sutra,and are considered attached to the Vedas.(Outside the Kalpa
Sutras are other independent texts, not attached to the Vedas, also
called Dharmasutra and Grihyasutras) The Shrautasutras contain
short passages of instruction for the performance of the elaborate
rituals described in the Vedas. For example, they explain how to lay
the sacrificial fire, or how to perform Chaturmasya. The authors of
the Shrautasutras belonged to different schools of philosophy. Some
of the important Shrautasutra works are: The Ashvalayana and
Sankhayana, associated with the Rig-Veda (see Veda). The Jaimini,
Manasaka, Latyayana, and Drahyayana, associated with the Sama
The Baudhayana, Manava, Bharadvaja, Apastamba and Hiranyakesin,
associated with the black Yajur Veda. The Katyayana, associated
with the white Yajur Veda.
The Kaushitaki and Vaitana, associated with the Atharva Veda. The
Grihyasutras deal with household ceremonies or other rites
performed with the domestic fire (see Agni) in daily life. As a rule,
these ceremonies are not performed by priests but by the
householder himself (see Ashram). The Grihyasutras instruct on both
the household ceremonies and on sanskaras. They explain the ritual,
Sutramantras used and the social aspects of the sanskaras. Most
Grihyasutras begin with an explanation of the marriage ceremony
(see Vivaha<). Some leave out funeral rites (see Antyeshti) as a
sanskaras since the ceremony is considered inauspicious. Some of
the important Grihyasutras are the Apastamba Grihyasutra, the
Baudhayana Grihyasutra, the Ashvalayana Grihyasutra, the
Sankhayana Grihyasutra, and the Gobhila Grihyasutra. The contents
of all these texts are similar, with minor differences in the
performance of the ceremonies, since the authors belonged to
different schools of philosophy.
The Dharmasutra deal with the rules of conduct and law. They are
the oldest sources of Hindu law, with a chiefly religious point of view.
They are closely related to the Vedas, from which they quote. Some
important Dharmasutras are: The Gautama Dharmasutra, which has
rules for interpreting texts, details about the ashrams, especially
rules of conduct for the householder and information on the
sanskaras, particularly the Upanayanam. It is one of the oldest
Dharmasutras, and is studied by the followers of the Sama Veda (see
The Baudhayana Dharmasutra describes the differences in the
religious practices followed in northern and southern India, and
provides detailed information about the four castes (see Varna), and
the five daily sacrifices (Panchamahayagya). It is studied by the
followers of the black Yajur Veda (see Veda).
The Apastamba Dharmasutra enumerates the five unpardonable sins
, and discusses certain technical terms and doctrines of Mimansa. It
is considered to be part of the black Yajur Veda (see Veda).
Certain other sources divide the Sutras into six categories, known as
the Vedangas or limbs of the Vedas. They are the Shiksha, which
describes phonetics; the Chandanas, Sutrawhich details metre and
poetic rhythm; the Vyakarana, which deals with grammar; the
Nirukta, which discusses etymology; the Kalpa, which explains
religious practices; and the Jyotishi, which explains astronomy.
The first four works contribute to the correct recitation and
understanding of the sacred texts. The last two deal with religious
rites and duties and the appropriate seasons for their performance. A
Brahmin must mention the sutra his family is associated with, while
formally introducing himself with the 'Abhivadaye' Gotra

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