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    Compassion is not saying, “I forgive you.” Your forgiveness should be such that the person who is forgiven, does not even know that you are forgiving them. They should not even feel guilty about their mistake. This is real compassion.

    இன்னா செய்தாரை ஒறுத்தல் அவர்

    நாண நன்னயம் செய்துவிடல் - குறள்: 314

    தமக்குத் தீங்கு செய்தாரைத் தண்டிக்கும் முறையாவது தீமை செய்தவர் வெட்கப்படும் அளவுக்கு நன்மையைச் செய்வதுடன் அவர் செய்த தீமையயும் தாம் செய்த நன்மையையும் மறந்து விடுதலாகும்.

    The highest form of forgiveness is to realise that the other committed a mistake out of ignorance, and having a sense of compassion for them. Forgiving others with a sense of compassion is the best form of forgiveness.

    Mistakes happen due to lack of understanding, wrong education, wrong indoctrination, emotional outbursts as we don’t know how to control our rage, anger and frustrations. When uncontrolled emotions spring into action, it becomes a mistake.

    Studies show that people who forgive are happier and healthier than those who hold resentments.

    A longitudinal study showed that people who were generally more neurotic, angry, and hostile in life were less likely to forgive another person even after a long time had passed.

    Religious views


    Forgiveness is central to Christian ethics and is a frequent topic in sermons and theological works, because Christianity is about Christ, Christ is about redemption, and redemption is about forgiveness of sin.

    Islam recommends forgiveness, because Allah values forgiveness. There are numerous verses in Quran and the Hadiths recommending forgiveness. However, Islam also allows revenge to the extent harm done, but forgiveness is encouraged, with a promise of reward from Allah.

    In Buddhism, forgiveness is seen as a practice to prevent harmful thoughts from causing havoc on one's mental well-being.
    Hindu Dharma

    Forgiveness is considered one of the six cardinal virtues in Hindu Dharma.

    In Vedic literature and epics of Hinduism, Ksama or Kshyama (Sanskrit: क्षमा) and fusion words based on it, describe the concept of forgiveness. The word ksama is often combined with kripa (tenderness), daya (kindness) and karuna (करुणा, compassion) in Sanskrit texts.

    In Rg Veda, forgiveness is discussed in verses dedicated to deity Varuna, both the context of the one who has done wrong and one who is wronged.

    The concept of forgiveness is further refined in Hindu Dharma by rhetorically contrasting it in feminine and masculine form. In feminine form, one form of forgiveness is explained through Sri Lakshmi (called Goddess Sri in some parts of India); the other form is explained in the masculine form through her husband Sri Vishnu
    Forgiveness is virtue; forgiveness is sacrifice; forgiveness is the Vedas; forgiveness is the Shruti.

    Forgiveness protecteth the ascetic merit of the future; forgiveness is asceticism; forgiveness is holiness; and by forgiveness is it that the universe is held together.
    — Mahabharata, Book 3, Vana Parva, Section XXIX,

    Righteousness is the one highest good, forgiveness is the one supreme peace, knowledge is one supreme contentment, and benevolence, one sole happiness.
    — Mahabharata, Book 5, Udyoga Parva, Section XXXIII,

    Janak asked: Oh lord, how does one attain wisdom? how does liberation happen?

    Ashtavakra replied: Oh beloved, if you want liberation, then renounce imagined passions as poison, take forgiveness, innocence, compassion, contentment and truth as nectar; (...)

    — Ashtavakra Gita


    In Jainism, forgiveness is one of the main virtues that needs to be cultivated by the Jains. Kṣamāpanā or supreme forgiveness forms part of one of the ten characteristics of dharma. In the Jain prayer (pratikramana) Jains repeatedly seek forgiveness from various creatures—even from ekindriyas or single sensed beings like plants and microorganisms that they may have harmed while eating and doing routine activities.

    Forgiveness in relationships

    Forgiveness in marriage is an important aspect in a marriage. When two individuals are able to forgive each other it results in a long happy marriage. Forgiveness can help prevent problems from accruing in the married couple's future.

    Sources: Many sites

    (This post is for sharing knowledge only, no intention to violate any copy rights)