YUGANGAL-4. kretha yugam; 2. thretha yugam; 3. dwaapara yugam. 4. kali yugam. Now we are living in kali yugam.1st patham.

DWEEPANGAL:7. 1. Jambhu dweepam; 2. pilakshat dweepam; 3. shanmali dweepam; 4. Kucha dweepam; 5.Krowncha dweepam; 6. shaaka dweepam; 7. Pushkara dweepam. Now we are living in Jambhu dweepam.

VARUSHANGAL: 7. 1. bharatha varusham; 2. kimpurusha varusham; 3. Hari varusham; 4. ilaavrudha varusham; 5. Rammiyadha varusham; 6. Iranavatha varusham; 7. guru varusham; Now we are in bharatha varusham.

Now we are living in bharatha kandam.

SAKAAPTHANGAL:8 1. Paandava sakaptham; 2. saalivaahana sakaptham;3. Vikrama sakaptham; 4. Bhojaraja sakaptham; 5. Kollsakaptham; 6.Ramadeva sakaptham 7. Prthaparuthra sakaptham; 8. krishnadeva raya sakaptham. Now we are in Salivahana sakaptham.

We are having 60 years in one cycle. This will repeat again , same year name. Now are in nandana year. (varusham)

Each year is divided y two . one Uthiraayanam and the second is dhakshinaaya. From 15th january to 15th july Uthiraayanam. and from 15th july to 15 th January Dhakshinaayanam.

Each year is divided into 6 rithus: From 15th april to 15th june ( chithrai and vaikasi month)=vasantha rithu; from 15th june 15th august ( aani and aadi month) Ghrishmama rithu; From 15th august to 15th october ( aavani and puratasi month) =Varusha rithu; From 15th october to 15th december ( ipasi and karthig month)=sarath rithu; From 15th december to 15th february( Margali and thai month)=Hemantha rithu; From 15th february to 15th april ( Maasi and panguni month)=shisira rithu.

Each year is divided into 12 months; 1. Mesham. 2. Rishabam; 3. Mithunam. 4. katakam. 5. Simham; 6. kanni;7. Thulam. 8. Vrischikam. 9. dhanus.10.. Makaram; 11. Kumbam. 12. Meenam. In Tamil we are telling chithrai; vaikasi; aani; aadi; aavani; puratasi; ipasi; kaarthigai; margali; thai.maasi and panguni.

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Each month is divided into two paksham Sukla paksham=valar pirai and Krishna Paksham= Thei pirai. This is based on Moon's stage.

Each Paksham has 15 thithis: one; two; three to fifteen: in sanskrit language it is called as : 1. Prathamai; 2.dweethiyai; 3; Thruthiyai; 4;. Chathurthy. 5. panchami; 6 shasty. 7. sapthami. 8. ashtami. 9. Navami. 10 . Dasami. 11.Ekaadasi. 12. Dwaadasi; 13. Thrayodasi; 14,. Chadurdasi; 15. pournami= full moon in sukla pksham and in Krishna patcham it is called as Amavasai= new moon.

To be continued;