Pariseshanam


ParishechaNam is an act of righteousness, wherein the person eating the food whole heartedly acknowledges the food and surrenders to the cosmoic energy.

It is based on the Chaandogya Upanishad which elaborates on how each of us is a part of the supreme being and that it is merely an individual identity that separates us.

With that as the baseline, the ParishechaNam is where we acknowledge that we are connected to the Sun, Moon and also the Cosmic energy in general. It relates these energies to our senses of sight, speech, hearing, intellect, feeling. We may say that it is preposterous of anyone to relate the Sun or Moon to our speech or hearing etc. This is where Chandogya Upanishad sets a pretext that everything in this universe is related to one another, is essentially one and is merely an extension of the universal energy we recognize as the supreme lord
So in a spiritual sense, the Parishechanam is a humble acknowlegdement that the person eating the food accepts and respects the food that is offered.

Parishechanam Performing the ritual known as’Parishechana’ is compulsory for every brahmin male whose Upanayana has been completed.

The practice is three steps or can be divided into three sections:




1. Aabhojanam
2. Praanahuthi
3. Utharaabhojanam

Aabhojanam:

After sitting for meals, you'll be served with rice and ghee, as per
your Sampradaya. Now take an iota of water in your right hand and
chant Om Bhoorbhuvasuva: and circumambulate the meal-plate(normally
a plantain leaf). Then take an iota of water and chant Sathyam
Thwerthena Parichinchaami (in day) and Rutham Dhwasathyena
Parichinchaami(in night). Circumambulate the meal-plate with this
water. Then take an iota of water(Perumal Theertham) and with your
left hand, slightly lift the meal-plate and take in the Perumal
Theertham.

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You must chant the manthra Amruthopastharanamasi.

Praanahuthi:

The vital breaths or "prANa-s" are five in number. The latter four are derived from the first. They are: prANa -- the principal breath
apAna -- responsible for excretory activity
vyAna -- responsible for circulatory activity
udAna -- respiratory activity
samAna -- responsible for digestive activity

This act of thanksgiving to God who through these bodily functions sustains life is done by saying the following mantras, and eating a little bit of rice and ney (ghee) without chewing it (because, after all, the food is an offering, not meant for personal consumption):

om prANAya svAhA
om apAnAya svAhA
om vyAnAya svAhA
om udAnAya svAhA
om samAnAya svAhA
om BrahmaNe svAhA

The last line means, “May my self be united
in Brahman (the Supreme), so that I may attain
immortality.”

Eating, then, is a profound act of worship which
sustains the body so that we may further worship
Brahman. There is also an implication that the
swallowing of tasty food symbolizes the oblation
of the individual self to God, so that God may,
in a sense “eat” and “enjoy” us.

Before and after eating the meal, water is sipped,
once again with a mantra. The rishis of yore found
this aspect of the ritual so important that they
mention it in both of the largest Upanishads, the
Brhadaranyaka and the Chhandogya, in virtually
identical terms:

Realized people, while eating, do as follows: before and
after their meal, they “dress up” the prANa with water.
The prANa receives clothing in this manner, and
is does not remain naked.
— Chhandogya 5.2.2 & Brhadaranyaka 6.1.15


Then catch hold of the meal-plate with your right hand, cleanse up
your left hand with Theertham served by someone else.

Utharaabhojanam:

After finishing the meals, as before, take an iota of water(either
by self or served by others) and chant the manthra

Amruthopithanamasi.

This concludes the custom of Parisheshanam.

Please see this you tube video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NkgWPP-xzMo




In Vaishnava Sampradhayam, Pariseshanam ( Aabhojanam and Pranahuthi) should be conducted before any salty items are served. Hence one should just serve may be a drop of milk and then rice and ghee only before Pariseshanam is performed. In Smartha sampradhayam, this restriction is not practiced.

Meaning of the parisheshana manthram in tami – by sri Anna.(Ramakrishna Mutt)

பரமாத்மாவின் பிரத்யட்ச வடிவான உன்னை ஜீவாத்மாவின் அன்பெனும் நீரால் சுற்றி ஈரமாக்குகிறேன். ஜீவதாரமாகிய உன்னை பரமாத்மாவின் க்ருபை என்னும் நீரால் சுற்றி ஈரமாக்குகிறேன்.
அமுதமாகிய அன்னத்திற்கு நீ கீழ் விரிப்பு ஆவாய்.
ப்ரானாயச்வாஹா ... பிரமனேச்வாஹா.
பிரமத்திடம் எனது ஆத்மா பேரின்பத்தை பெருவதற்காஹ் இது பொருந்தட்டும்.
அமுதத்திற்கு நீ மேல் மூடி ஆவாய்.

Reason: When there was no tiled or cemented floors were in olden days, the parisheshanam prevented ants and other insects to come on to your leaf on which food was served.





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