Astakam ans Astothram


ASTAKAM


The term Astakam is derived from the Sanskrit word 'Astak', meaning "Eight". In context of poetic compositions, 'Astakam' refers to a particular form of poetry. The form of a composition is an 'Astakam' where eight stanzas make the piece.

The stanzas in an "Astakam" are a rhyming quartet with four lines, i.e. end lines rhyme as a-a-a-a. Thus, in an Astakam generally thirty-two lines are maintained. All these stanzas abide a strict rhyme scheme. The proper rhyme scheme for an Astakam is: a-a-a-a/b-b-b-b.. (/ represents a new stanza). The rhyme designs are both ear-rhymes and eye-rhymes. Ear-rhyme where the end letters rhyme in sound and audibility, and eye-rhyme where the end letters appear similar. This rhyme sequence sets the usual structure of the astakam. Astaklam rhyme consists of identical ("hard-rhyme") or similar ("soft-rhyme") sounds placed at predictable locations, normally the ends of lines for external rhyme or within lines for internal rhyme.

The conventions associated with the Astakam have evolved over its literary history of more than 2500 years. One of the most well-known and adored Astakam creator is the great Shri Adi Sankaracharya, who created an Astakam cycle with a group of Astakams, arranged to address a particular deity, and designed to be read both as a collection of fully realized individual poems and as a single poetic work comprising all the individual Astakams. The revered Adi Sankaracharya wrote more than thirty Astakams in "stuti" [dedication] to Lord Shiva, Lord Jagannath, Goddess Laxmi etc.

ASTOTHRAM

Ashtothramas means doing puja, reciting and chanting 108″ names of God.

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It is a form of Archana worship usually offered to the deity with a recital of 108 names of a deity
It is an extended form of Astakam

http://www.angelfire.com/vt2/svtyout.../HTML/glos.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astakam

http://bookyards2all.com/upload/129vinayaka%20astothramas.pdf