Astakam ans Astothram


The term Astakam is derived from the Sanskrit word 'Astak', meaning "Eight". In context of poetic compositions, 'Astakam' refers to a particular form of poetry. The form of a composition is an 'Astakam' where eight stanzas make the piece.

The stanzas in an "Astakam" are a rhyming quartet with four lines, i.e. end lines rhyme as a-a-a-a. Thus, in an Astakam generally thirty-two lines are maintained. All these stanzas abide a strict rhyme scheme. The proper rhyme scheme for an Astakam is: a-a-a-a/b-b-b-b.. (/ represents a new stanza). The rhyme designs are both ear-rhymes and eye-rhymes. Ear-rhyme where the end letters rhyme in sound and audibility, and eye-rhyme where the end letters appear similar. This rhyme sequence sets the usual structure of the astakam. Astaklam rhyme consists of identical ("hard-rhyme") or similar ("soft-rhyme") sounds placed at predictable locations, normally the ends of lines for external rhyme or within lines for internal rhyme.

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The conventions associated with the Astakam have evolved over its literary history of more than 2500 years. One of the most well-known and adored Astakam creator is the great Shri Adi Sankaracharya, who created an Astakam cycle with a group of Astakams, arranged to address a particular deity, and designed to be read both as a collection of fully realized individual poems and as a single poetic work comprising all the individual Astakams. The revered Adi Sankaracharya wrote more than thirty Astakams in "stuti" [dedication] to Lord Shiva, Lord Jagannath, Goddess Laxmi etc.


Ashtothramas means doing puja, reciting and chanting 108″ names of God.

It is a form of Archana worship usually offered to the deity with a recital of 108 names of a deity
It is an extended form of Astakam