Among the Indian instruments, Veena was one of the most revered and ancient instruments. There have been many forms of Veena over the time like Mahati, Kinnari etc. As music evolved over time, instruments too evolved to keep up with the music.

Currently, Rudra Veena and Saraswati Veena are two of the most popular Veenas.

The original name for Saraswati Veena was Kacchapi Veena – meaning the main resonator was in the shape of a tortoise back.

Saraswati Veena traces its name to the acclaimed painting of the great artist Raja Ravi Verma. Saraswati Veena as we see today traces its origin to a great musician and musicologist of the South called Ramamatya. The Veena was further evolved and perfected along with the current shape and with 24 frets fixed in was (earlier there were 16 – 18 movable frets) by a court minister and musician in Thanjavur – Shri Govinda Dikshitar.

Thus we see that that the structure and form of the instrument keeps evolving and changing over the ages.

MA Saraswathi Veena points to the collective sound of all our thoughts and actions as it is manifest as music in the cosmic universe; it marks the withdrawal of the senses and the focus needed to attain knowledge. Placing the left hand on top of the veena closer to the heart shows that knowledge should be used for the good of others. Placing the right hand on the bottom shows that negative knowledge should be kept under control. The veena points to the potential for the negative and positive purposes of knowledge--the choice is left to the person as to which type of knowledge is used.