Centigrade Thermometer

Anders Celsius was a famous Swedish born astronomer. The existing thermometer then was the Fahrenheit, which had the Melting point of ice as 32 degrees and the Boiling point of water as 212 degrees. The range was divided into 180 equal parts.

Anders wanted to simplify the thermometer by diving the range into 100 equal divisions. He set the melting point of ice as zero degrees and the boiling point of water at 100 degrees in 1742.

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This thermometer was welcomed heartily and was known by the name Centigrade Thermometer for nearly two centuries. It was renamed in 1948 in honor of its inventor as Celsius Thermometer.