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In 1614, John Napier discovered the logarithm which made it possible to perform multiplications and divisions by addition and subtraction.

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This was a great time saver but there was still quite a lot of work required. The mathematician had to look up two logs, add them together and then look for the number whose log was the sum. Edmund Gunter soon reduced the effort by drawing a number line in which the positions of numbers were proportional to their logs.
Before the invention of modern Electronic Scientific gadgets, this was the only available help for those who were doing Engineering Course.