FAMILIARISE YOURSELF WITH SANSKRIT - LESSON 14


FAMILIARISE YOURSELF WITH SANSKRIT
LESSON 14


Causative form of verbs:
पठ् to read अहं पठामि I read
अहं छात्रं पाठयामि I make the student read
त्वं पठसि you read
त्वं छात्रं पाठयसि You make the student read
सः/सा पठति he/she reads
सः/ सा छात्रं पाठयति he/she makes then student read


कर् to do अहं कार्यं करोमि I do work
अहं भृत्येन कार्यं कारयामि I get the work done by the servant
त्वं कार्यं करोषि You do work
त्वं भृत्येन कार्यं कारयसि You get work done by the servant
सः/सा कार्यं करोति He/She does work
सः/सा भृत्येन कार्यं कारयति He/She gets work done by the servant


Examples of causative forms of some roots
Column 1 Column 2


रुद् to read रुदति रोदयति
पत् to fall पतति पातयति
शृ to hear शृणोति श्रावयति
हस् to laugh हसति हासयति
चल् to move चलति चालयति
खाद् to eat खादति खादयति
तप् to be hot तपति तापयति
लिख् to write लिखति लेखयति
वद् to speak वदति वादयति
पिब् to drink पिबति पाययति
धाव् to run धावति धावयति
हर्ष् to be happy हर्षति हर्षयति




Column 1 shows the form of the verb in present tense (third person, singular) when the subject himself does the action. Column 2 shows the form of the verb (present tense, third person, singular) when the subject makes some one else perform the action.
Exercise:
Write the causative forms of some more verbs (present tense, third person, singular) and use them in sentences

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