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    Moderator Crown R.Varadarajan's Avatar
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    Default THE DURBAR SQUARE OF KATHMANDU,NEPAL

    Dear members/readers
    In my last post I wrote about Pasupathi Nath Temple, one of the twelve Jyothirlinga Kshetras.
    After that we went to the Durbar Square in Kathmandu, a world heritage site containing a lot of places of religeous significance.
    Please read about the Durbar Square of Kathmandu,Nepal.
    Varadarajan


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    Kathmandu Durbar Square

    Kathmandu Durbar Square ( "UNESCO World Heritage Site") also known as Hanuman Dhoka square is one of the major attractions in Kathmandu Valley. Most of the cultural centers of Nepal are concentrated around the Kathmandu valley; among those cultural sites, the important one is the Hanuman-dhoka Durbar Square. The name Hanuman-dhoka Durbar came from the statue of Hanuman established by the King Pratap Malla at the entrance of the royal palace in 1672 A.D. storeyed residence built by King Prithvi Narayan shah in 1770,is called Basantapur Durbar(palace). The whole complex is also known as Kathmandu Durbar Square. Located at the heart of ancient city in Kathmandu it is srounding both Hindu and Buddhist temple. Most of them are built in the pagoda style embellished with intricately carved exteriors as well as Most of the buildings we see here date from 15th to 18th century . The Durbar Square, with its old temples, palaces, epitomizes the religious and cultural life of the people. The major Interesting things to see here are "Kumari (The Living Goddess) Gar" "Kastha Mandap"Maru Ganesh, Mahadev Temple, Shiva Parvati Temple, Bhagwati Temple, Old palace, Saraswoti temple, Krishna Octangular Temple, Big drums, Kal Bhairav, Jagannath Temple, and Taleju Temple etc..



    The Durbar Square are is actually made up of two sub-areas. The outer complex is renowned for numerous interesting temples as Kumari Ghar , Kasthamandap , Shiv-Parbati Temple, Jagannath Temple, Big Bell etc ,while the inner complex comprises the old palace area ,Hanuman-dhoka and its courtyards as Nasal Choke ,Mul Choke ,Sundari Choke, Basantapur Durbar and other. Besides the magnificent temples and shrines, it has other interesting aspects are various festivals , cultural activities and traditions people are following from centuries, which are presented in the Durbar Square. The major festivals include Indrajatra, Dashain, Gaaijatra, Machchhindra-nath jatra ets. These are the occasion when the people from all over the city gather here to mark their centuries old traditions. All the carving and architecture in this area are exceptionally fine which make the architecture in this Hanuman-dhoka Durbar square among the most important sights for travelers to see.


    The heart of the Kathmandu Valley this ancient square crowded with palaces & temples, including the current incarnation of the Kasthamandap or "Wooden house" that gives the city its name. The square has been in active use since the construction of a palace around 1000 AD. This site is the most popular UNESCO World Heritage Site in Nepal.

    Magical in the very early morning and evening, Durbar Square. There are a number of young men who offer to be "guides." Be firm with saying "no" if you are not interested. A place not to be missed is a visit to Durbar Square Museum.



    There are more than a dozen buildings and statues of note in this small area. They include:

    Taleju Temple One of the oldest temples in the square, this three-roofed temple with its pyramid shaped bases, is an example of the typical Newari architectural style.
    Ashok Binayak
    Shiva Temple
    Maju Deval
    Narayan Temple
    Shiva-Parvati Temple
    Kumari Palace- home of "the Kumari", or living goddess, a young girl. South side of Durbar square,
    Bhagwati Temple
    Saraswati Temple The Goddess of Knowledge and Learning
    Krishna Temple
    Sweta Bhairab Statue shown only during the Indra Jatra festival.
    Kal Bhairab
    Indrapur Temple
    Vishnu temple
    Mahendreswar
    Durbar Square of KathmanduThis particular area best known as Kathmandu Durbar Square lies in the heart of this city. Locally also called as Hanuman Dhoka Palace Square-an ancient seat of the Nepalese Royalty

    Hanuman Dhoka Palace Complex consists of a huge Royal Square imposing a tremendous variety of temples dedicated to different Hindu gods and goddess. Most of the buildings we see here date from 15th to 18th century.

    The entire Palace Complex here is named after a monkey god called Hanuman. One can see a huge stone statue of Hanuman painted all red right next to the main entrance ( the golden gate) of the palace. Hanuman here is regarded as a powerful protector of the entire Durbar Square


    P.S. My next post,God willing, will be on the Kumari Devi, The Living Goddess of Kathmandu,Nepal
    Last edited by R.Varadarajan; 10-12-2013 at 11:46 AM.

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