PRASNOTTARA RATNA MALIKA OF ADI SANKARACHARYA

Part 3
१३. कॊऽनर्थफलो? मानः, का सुखदा? साधुजनमैत्री ।
सर्वव्यसनविनाशे को दक्षः? सर्वथा त्यागी॥
13. ko’narthaphalo? Maanah, kaa sukhadaa? Saadhujanamaitree
Sarvavyasana vinaashe ko dakshah? Sarvathaa tyaagi

Q: What will result in misfortune?
A: conceitedness

Q: What will give happiness?
A: Friendship with the good.

Q: Who is good at wiping out all sorrows?
A: One who gives up everything in every way

१४. किं मरणं? मूर्खत्वं, किं चानर्घं? यदवसरे दत्तं ।
आमरणात्किं शल्यं? प्रच्छन्नं यत्कृतं पापं॥
14. Kim maranam? Moorkhatwam, kim chaanargham? Yadavasare dattam
Aamaranaath kim shalyam? Prachchhannam yatkritam paapam

Q: What is death?
A: Stupidity (foolishness)

Q: What is invaluable?
A: That which is given at the appropriate moment when it is most needed by the recipient

Q: What will be a thorn in the flesh until one’s death?
A: A sin committed secretly.
१५. कुत्र विधेयो यत्नो? विद्याभ्यासे सदौषधे दाने ।\
अवधीरणा का कार्या? खलपरयोषित्परधनेषु ॥

15. kutra vidheyo yatno? Vidyaabhyaase sadaushadhe daane
avadheeranaa kaa kaaryaa? Khalaparayoshitparadhaneshu

Q: Where should one direct one’s efforts?
A: In the acquisition of knowledge, healthy medicines and in generously giving to the needy.
Q: What should one disregard (not care about)?
A: Bad characters, other men’s wives and others’ wealth

१६. काऽहर्निशमनुचिन्त्या? संसारासारता न तु प्रमदा।
का प्रेयसी विधेया? करुणा दीनेषु सज्जने मैत्री॥

16. kaa’harnishamanuchintyaa? Samsaaraasaarataa na tu pramadaa
Kaa preyasee vidheya? Karunaa deeneshu sajjane maitree

Q: What one should think of day and night?
A: Evanescence of this world ( samsaara), not beautiful women

Q: What should be the object of one’s love?
A: Kindness towards the miserable and friendship with the good.

१७. कण्ठगतैरप्यसुभिः कस्य ह्यात्मा न शक्यते जेतुम्?
मूर्खस्य शंकितस्य विषादिनो वा कृतघ्नस्य॥
17. kanthagatairapyasubhih kasya hyaatmaa na sakyate jetum?
Moorkhasya shankitasya vishaadino vaa kritaghnasya

Q: Whose aatmaa (mind, soul) cannot be conquered (brought to the righteous path) even when he is on his death bed?
A: The aatmaa of a fool, of an incorrigible doubter, of one steeped in sorrow or of one who is ungrateful

१८ कः साधुः? सद्वृत्तः कमधममाचक्षते? त्वसद्वृत्तं।
केन जितं जगदेतत्? सत्यतितिक्षावता पुंसा॥

18. kah saadhuh? Sadvrittah kamadhamamaachakshate? Twasadvrittam
kena jitam jagadetat? Satyatitikshaavataa pumsaa

Q: Who is a saadhu?
A: One whose conduct and character are good

Q: Who is considered the worst kind of person?
A: One whose conduct and character are bad

Q: By whom is this world conquered?
A: By one who is established in truth and forbearance (capacity to suffer)

१९. कस्मै नमांसि देवाः कुर्वन्ति? दयाप्रधानाय।
कस्मादुद्वेगस्स्यात्? संसारारण्यतः सुधियः॥
19. kasmai namaamsi devaah kurvanti? Dayaapradhaanaaya
kasmaadudwega syaat? Samsaaraaranyatah sudhiyah

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Q: To whom the celestials (devas) offer their salutations?
A: To the one whose chief virtue is kindness

Q: What causes fear in the mind ?
A: The forest of samsaara creates fear in the mind of wise men.