Part-7
४६. को वर्धते? विनीतः, को वा हीयते? यो दृप्तः।
को न प्रत्येतव्यो? ब्रूते यश्चानृतम् शश्वत्॥
46. Ko vardhate? Vineetah, ko vaa heeyate? Yo driptah
Ko na pratyetavyo? Broote yashchaanritam shashwat

Q: Who ahieves progess?
A: One who is meek (full of humility)

Q: Who goes down?
A: One who is vain and arrogant

Q: Who cannot be trusted?
A: One who always tells lies.
४७. कुत्राऽनृतेप्यपापं? यच्चोक्तं धर्मरक्षणार्थं।
को धर्मो? अभिमतो यः शिष्टानां निजकुलीनानां॥
47. kutraa’nritepyapaapam, yachchoktam dharmarakshaartham
ko dharmo? Abhimato yah shishtaanaam nijakuleenaanaam

Q: When is uttering a lie not a sin ?
A: When it is done for the protection of dharma

Q: What is dharma ?
A: Such conduct and values as have been accepted as the right ones by the
noble souls amongst one’s forebears.

४८. साधुबलं किं? दैवं, कः साधु:? सर्वदा तुष्टः।
दैवं किं? यस्सुकृतं कः सुकृती? श्लाघ्यते यस्सद्भि:॥
48. saadhubalam kim? Daivam, kah saadhuh? Sarvadaa tushtah
daivam kim ? yassukritam, kah sukritee? Shlaaghyate yah sadbhih

Q: What is the strength of a saintly person?
A: daivam

Q: Who is a saadhu?
A: One who is always content and happy.

Q: What is daivam ?
A: Good actions of a person (sukritam)

Q: Who is sukritee (one whose actions are good) ?
A: One who is praised by good people.

४९. गृहमेधिनश्च मित्रं किं? भार्या, को गृही च? यो यजते।
को यज्ञो? यः श्रुत्या विहितः श्रेयस्करो नृणां॥
49. Grihamedhinashcha mitram kim? Bhaaryaa, ko grihee cha? Yo yajate
Ko yajno? Yah shrutyaa vihitah shreyaskaro nrinaam

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Q: Who is the friend of a householder?
A: wife

Q: Who is a householder?
A: One who performs yagnas (sacrifices)

Q: What is yagna?
A: That which is prescribed in the Vedas for the welfare of humanity

५०. कस्य क्रिया हि सफला? यः पुनराचारवान् शिष्टः|
कः शिष्टो? यो वेदप्रमाणवान् को हतः?क्रियाभ्रष्टः॥
50 kasya kriyaa hi saphalaa? Yahpunaraachaaravaan shishtah
kah shishto? Yo vedapramaanavaan, ko hatah? kriyaabhrashtah

Q: Whose kriya ( vedic karmas) bear fruit?
A: One who is of good conduct and also a shishta

Q: Who is a shishta?
A: One who acknowledges the authority of the Vedas

Q: Who is dead even while living?
A: One who does not perform the kriyas enjoined by the Vedas
५१. को धन्यः? संन्यासी, को मान्यः?पण्डितः साधुः।
कः सेव्यॊ? यो दाता, को दाता? योऽर्थितृप्तिमातनुते॥
51. ko dhanyah? Sanyaasee, ko maanyah? Panditah saadhuh
kah sevyo? Yo daataa, ko daataa? Yo’rthitriptimaatanute

Q: Who is a dhanya ? (One who has attained the highest goal of life)?
A: Sanyaasee (One who has broken the shackles which bind him to the
samsaara)

Q: Who is a maanya? (One who commands respect)?
A: One who is learned and at the same time of a saintly character

Q: Who is sevya (one who deserves to be served)?
A: One who gives in charity

Q: Who is a daataa (giver) ?
A: One who satisfies those who beg from him.
५२. किं भाग्यं देहवतां? आरोग्यं, कः फली? कृषिकृत्।
कस्य न पापं? जपतः, कः पूर्णो? यः प्रजावान् स्यात्
52. kim bhaagyam dehavataam? Aarogyam, kah phalee? Krishikrit
kasya na paapam? Japatah, kah poorno? Yah prajaavaan syaat

Q: What is blessing for one who has a body?
A: Health (absence of disease)

Q: Who enjoys the fruits?
A: One who tills the soil (puts in effort)

Q: Who has no sins?
A: One who does japa

Q: Who is whole (full)?
A: One who has children
५३. किं दुष्करं नराणाम्? यन्मनसो निग्रह्स्सततं।
को ब्रह्मचर्यवान् स्यात्? यश्चास्खलितो ऊर्ध्वरेतश्च॥

53. kim dushkaram naraanaam? Yanmanaso nigrahah satatam
ko brahmacharyavaan syaat? Yashchaaskhalito oordhwaretaskah

Q: What is difficult to do for humans?
A: Keeping the mind under control always

Q: Who is a brahmachaari?
A: One who has sublimated one’s sex energy
५४. का च परदेवता? चिच्छक्तिः, को जगत्भर्ता? सूर्यः।
सर्वेषां को जीवनहेतुः? स पर्जन्यः॥
54. kaa cha paradevataa? Chichchhaktih, ko jagatbhartaa?
Sooryah, sarveshaam ko jeevanahetuh? sa parjanyah

Q: Who is paradevata ?
A: The Divine mother, embodiment of pure consciousness

Q: Who supports these worlds?
A: The Sun

Q: What is the source of living for all?
A: clouds which give rain.
५५. कः शूरो? यो भीतत्राता, त्राता च कः? स गुरुः।
को हि जगद्गुरुरुक्तः शंभुः ज्ञानं कुतः? शिवादेव॥
55. kah shooro? Yo bheetatraataa, traataacha kah? sa guruh
Ko hi jagatgururuktah? Shambhuh, jnaanam kutah? shivaadeva

Q: Who is valiant?
A: One who protects the frightened.

Q: Who is the protector?
A: Spiritual teacher

Q: Who is the teacher for the whole world?
A: Lord Shiva


Q: From whom is true knowledge?
A: Only from Lord Shiva