Strange as it may seem, the pneumatic tyre was invented by a veterinary surgeon John Dunlop. He was a Scottish veterinary surgeon living in Ireland.

The tyres of Dunlopís sonís tricycle were getting damaged all the time! He wanted to protect the tyres from such damages due to the bad roads.

Robert Thomson, a civil engineer, had already designed and patented in 1845, a hallow rubber tube which could be filled with air or horsehair.
But Dunlop wanted something stronger and better than just the air filled tubes. In 1888, he made the first pneumatic tyre with a rubber outer casing and an inner tube which can be filled with air, through a valve.

This was the first pneumatic tyre filled with air under pressure.