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Some mind -blowing facts about THIRUKURAL

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  • Some mind -blowing facts about THIRUKURAL

    Some mind-blowing facts about 'Thirukural'.

    இறைவன் மனிதனுக்குச் சொன்னது கீதை, மனிதன் இறைவனுக்குச் சொன்னது திருவாசகம், மனிதன் மனிதனுக்குச் சொன்னது திருக்குறள்"…

    Some mind-blowing facts about 'Thirukural'.

    1. Out of the 247 Tamil alphabets, just 37 have been used in the Thirukural
    2. The only two flowers in the book are Anicham (Scarlet Pimpernel) and Kuvalai (Cup Flower)
    3. Nezlhunji fruit is the only fruit featuring in the book
    4. The only seed featuring in the book is, Kundrimani (Crab’s eye tree)
    5. The two trees featuring in the boor are Palm and Bamboo.

    6. The alphabet featuring the most times is ‘னி’ it features 1705 times.
    7. The letters featuring only once are ளீ,ங .
    8. The two words that are not used in the thirukural are தமிழ்(Tamil), கடவுள்(A word meaning God in Tamil).
    9. The first Tirukkural and Naladiyar texts published. This was by Gnanaprakasam in 1812 and printed at the Masadinacaritai Printers in Madras.
    10. Total no of words is 14,000.

    11. Total no of letters is 42,194.
    12. Out of 247 letters,37 letters never used.
    13. Number 9 never used.
    14. The word 'Kodi' (Crore) used in 7 places.
    15. The word '70 kodi' appears only once.

    16. Translated into 26 Languages.
    17. Translated into English by 40 authors.

    These are the 5 Thirukkural’s that wont touch lips.

    இறந்தார் இறந்தார் அனையர் சினத்தைத்
    துறந்தார் துறந்தார் துணை

    Iṟantār iṟantār aṉaiyar ciṉattait
    Tuṟantār tuṟantār tuṇai


    யாதனின் யாதனின் நீங்கியான் நோதல்
    அதனின் அதனின் இலன்

    Yātaṉiṉ yātaṉiṉ nīṅkiyāṉ nōtal
    Ataṉiṉ ataṉiṉ ilaṉ


    எய்தற்கு அரியது இயைந்தக்கால் அந்நிலையே
    செய்தற்கு அரிய செயல்

    Eytaṟku ariyatu iyaintakkāl annilaiyē
    Ceytaṟku ariya ceyal


    நோக்கினாள் நோக்கெதிர் நோக்குதல் தாக்கணங்கு
    தானைக்கொண் டன்னது உடைத்து

    Nōkkiṉāḷ nōkketir nōkkutal tākkaṇaṅku
    Tāṉaikkoṇ ṭaṉṉatu uṭaittu


    தனியே இருந்து நினைத்தக்கால் என்னைத்
    தினிய இருந்ததுஎன் நெஞ்சு

    Taṉiyē iruntu niṉaittakkāl eṉṉait
    Tiṉiya iruntatu’eṉ neńcu

    You can find 1330 poems with not even a single poem exceeding or decreasing 7 words.

    Thirukural adheres to the grammatical pattern of Venpa -, one of the strictest forms of poetic grammer, in Tamil. Each kural has exactly 7 words, 4 in one line and 3 in the next, each word having anywhere from 1 to 3 syllables (with special rules applying to the last word). There are specific rules as to when a short syllable can be followed by a long syllable, and vice versa. The rules are friendly to musical patterns, and hence, adhering to the rules automatically gives some sort of a 'tune' while uttering the poems. Thirukural is possibly the most acclaimed Venpa in Tamil.

    It is the book translated to most number of languages after Bible.

    The poetry starts with 'அ', the very first letter of Tamil language and ends in 'ன்', the last main letter (Meyyezhuthu).

    Russian writer Leo Tolstoy quoted Thirukural as 'The Hindu Kural' in his famous "A letter to the Hindu" which inspired Gandhi to follow non-violence as the path for India's independence.

    Although Thirukural uses a magnificient 14,000 Thamizh words in all, it never uses the word 'Thamizh" (Its Source Language) even once.

    Thirukurals are written on french trains with translation.

    The image of Thiruvalluvar that we know today was painted by Mr.K.R.Venugopal Sharma.

    Mr.K.R.Venugopal Sharma was born in 1908. He is a multi-talented person - being an expert in Tamil Linguistics, Painting and Mimicry. At the age of 22, he decided to paint an apt portrait of Thiruvalluvar, which later became his life-time goal. He learnt the Thirukkural thoroughly and conceptualised the appearance of Thiruvalluvar.

    By 1950, he finished the pencil sketch of Thiruvalluvar and started painting it. In 1957, C.N.Annadurai recommended the then Chief Minister of Tamilnadu state Mr.Bhaktavatsalam to recognise his portrait as an official and recognised image of Thiruvalluvar. After two years, Indian Postal Service released the portrait as Postal Stamp.

    When C.N.Annadurai assumed the office of the Chief Minister, in 1967, he passed an order to hang this portrait in each and every state government office.

    As a result, Mr.K.R.Venugopal Sharma's conceptualised image of Thiruvalluvar became so popular that most people actually believe it as the original appearance of the great poet.

    I will say a small story about திருவள்ளுவர் who wrote Thirukural. Once on a particular day Vasuki was offering food to him and திருவள்ளுவர் requested his wife to keep a needle and water next to his banana leaf. This practice was done every day and there was once Vasuki asked திருவள்ளுவர் that everyday you are asking me to keep a needle and water next to your banana leaf and I have never seen you using it. She asked, Can I know the reason ?
    திருவள்ளுவர் replied that, if there was a day where you spilled a piece of rice, then I would use the needle to pick up the rice , wash it with water and then use it. திருவள்ளுவர் also replied, but this has never happened, you have always fed rice on my leaf in the correct manner and I have never seen even a piece of rice being wasted.
    Conclusion :
    Never waste even a piece of rice.
    Nature knows what is good to you and it will make sure the good exist as long as nature, Thirukural is one of the good thing made by humans and it will exist as long as humans

    Sources: quora and other Web Sites

    This post is for sharing knowledge only,no intention to violate any copy rights