Jury Trial

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A trial by jury is a legal method of determining the outcome of an issue brought before a court. This may be a civil issue or the determination of guilt or innocence of a defendant accused of a crime. In the US, and in places like the UK, trial by jury is common and the way in which many trials are resolved. In many other countries, the idea of jury trial is roundly mocked, and itís considered inappropriate to allow people who have no experience with the law to render decisions about it.

The concept of trial by jury occurs first in Ancient Greece. Court cases were decided by citizen jurors.

Grand Jury

A grand jury is a group of people that are selected and sworn in by a court, just like jurors that are chosen to serve on a trial jury. A judge selects and swears in a grand jury, just like judges select and swear in trial juries. But grand juries differ from trial juries in several ways.


Jury Trial in India

India abolished jury trials in 1960 because they were seen as too susceptible to bias and news reports.

Not too many people remember Kawas Maneckshaw Nanavati now. After all, Nanavati died, almost unnoticed in Canada in 2003. He was tried for shooting Prem Ahuja, his wife Sylvia's lover in 1959.
There was a jury trial and the Greater Bombay Sessions Court acquitted him with a verdict of 8-1. The Sessions Judge was dissatisfied and referred the case to the High Court, which thought the presiding judge had misled the jury. The High Court sentenced Nanavati to life imprisonment and this was upheld by the Supreme Court in 1961. However, Nanavati was eventually pardoned and released. The Nanavati case was responsible for abolition of jury trials in India in 1960. It was the last trial by a jury.



http://www.indianexpress.com/news/nanavati-and-jury-trials/557344

http://campus.udayton.edu/~grandjur/faq/faq1.htm

http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-trial-by-jury.htm